Descriptive Statistics: Charts, Graphs and Plots > Types of Graphs

## Common Types of Graphs

**Contents (click to skip to the section)**:

Bar Graph

Segmented Bar Graph

Column Graph

Box and Whiskers Graph (also called a Box Plot)

Frequency Graph (Frequency Table)

Cumulative Frequency Table

Frequency Polygon

Funnel Chart

Histogram

Line Graph

Timeplot

Relative Frequency Histogram

Pie Chart

Scatter Plot

Stemplot

### Types of Graphs: Bar Graphs

A bar graph is a type of chart that has bars showing different categories and the amounts in each category.

See: Bar Graph Examples

This type of graph is a type of bar chart that is stacked, and where the bars show 100 percent of the discrete value.

See: Segmented Bar Chart, What is it?

Column Graph

Microsoft Excel calls a bar graph with vertical bars a column graph and a bar graph with horizontal bars a bar graph.

See: Column Chart Excel 2013

### Types of Graphs: Box and Whiskers (Boxplots)

This type of graph, sometimes called a boxplot, is useful for showing the five number summary.

See: Box and Whiskers Chart

### Types of Graphs: Frequency Distributions

Although technically not what most people would call a graph, it is a basic way to show how data is spread out.

See: Frequency Distribution Table.

Cumulative Frequency Table

A table that shows how values accumulate.

See: Cumulative Frequency Distribution Table.

Frequency Polygon

This type of graph is almost identical to a histogram. Where histograms use rectangle, these graphs use dots, which are then joined together.

See: Frequency Polygon.

### Types of Graphs: Histogram

A way to display data counts with data organized into bins.

See: Histogram.

Relative Frequency Histogram

A relative frequency histogram shows relative frequencies.

See: Relative Frequency Histogram.

### Types of Graphs: Line Graphs

A graph that shows a line; usually with an equation. Can be straight or curved lines.

See: Line Graph

A time plot is similar to a line graph. However, it always plots time on the x-axis.

See: Timeplot.

### Types of Graphs: Pie Graphs

As the name suggested, these types of graph look like pies.

See: Pie Chart: What is it used for?

### Types of Graphs: Scatter Graphs

These charts use dots to plot data points. the dots are “scattered” across the page.

See: Scatter plot.

### Types of Graphs: Stemplots

Stemplots help you to visualize all of the individual elements of a data set.

See: Stemplot: What is it?

## More Types of Graphs:

Additive Trees

Minimum Spanning Trees

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