Statistics How To

Types of graphs used in Math and Statistics

Descriptive Statistics: Charts, Graphs and Plots > Types of Graphs

Common Types of Graphs

Contents (click to skip to the section):

Bar Graph
Segmented Bar Graph
Column Graph
Box and Whiskers Graph (also called a Box Plot)
Frequency Graph (Frequency Table)
Cumulative Frequency Table
Frequency Polygon
Funnel Chart
Line Graph
Relative Frequency Histogram
Pie Chart
Scatter Plot

Types of Graphs: Bar Graphs

A bar graph is a type of chart that has bars showing different categories and the amounts in each category.
See: Bar Graph Examples

Segmented Bar Graph



This type of graph is a type of bar chart that is stacked, and where the bars show 100 percent of the discrete value.
See: Segmented Bar Chart, What is it?

Column Graph
Microsoft Excel calls a bar graph with vertical bars a column graph and a bar graph with horizontal bars a bar graph.

See: Column Chart Excel 2013

Types of Graphs: Box and Whiskers (Boxplots)

how to load the data analysis toolpak

This type of graph, sometimes called a boxplot, is useful for showing the five number summary.
See: Box and Whiskers Chart

Types of Graphs: Frequency Distributions

Make a Frequency Chart

A frequency chart.

Although technically not what most people would call a graph, it is a basic way to show how data is spread out.
See: Frequency Distribution Table.

Cumulative Frequency Table
cumulative frequency

A table that shows how values accumulate.
See: Cumulative Frequency Distribution Table.

Frequency Polygon
frequency polygon

This type of graph is almost identical to a histogram. Where histograms use rectangle, these graphs use dots, which are then joined together.
See: Frequency Polygon.

Types of Graphs: Histogram

types of graphs

A way to display data counts with data organized into bins.
See: Histogram.

Relative Frequency Histogram
make a histogram
A relative frequency histogram shows relative frequencies.
See: Relative Frequency Histogram.

Types of Graphs: Line Graphs

This graph of -4 5x+3 has continuous variables -- it could go on forever...

This graph of -4 5x+3.

A graph that shows a line; usually with an equation. Can be straight or curved lines.
See: Line Graph


types of graph

A Dow Jones Timeplot from the Wall Street Journal shows how the stock market changes over time.

A time plot is similar to a line graph. However, it always plots time on the x-axis.
See: Timeplot.

Types of Graphs: Pie Graphs

Pie chart showing water consumption. Image courtesy of EPA.

Pie chart showing water consumption. Image courtesy of EPA.

As the name suggested, these types of graph look like pies.
See: Pie Chart: What is it used for?

Types of Graphs: Scatter Graphs

A scatter plot.

A scatter plot.

These charts use dots to plot data points. the dots are “scattered” across the page.
See: Scatter plot.

Types of Graphs: Stemplots

labeled stemplot
Stemplots help you to visualize all of the individual elements of a data set.
See: Stemplot: What is it?

More Types of Graphs:

Additive Trees
Minimum Spanning Trees


If you prefer an online interactive environment to learn R and statistics, this free R Tutorial by Datacamp is a great way to get started. If you're are somewhat comfortable with R and are interested in going deeper into Statistics, try this Statistics with R track.

Comments are now closed for this post. Need help or want to post a correction? Please post a comment on our Facebook page and I'll do my best to help!
Types of graphs used in Math and Statistics was last modified: January 6th, 2018 by Stephanie

6 thoughts on “Types of graphs used in Math and Statistics

  1. April gold

    This was really helpful and there is also an other graph called piramad graph, you forgot it. Just saying

  2. Inchara

    Very good for children like me who are making magazine or chart or presentation on maths.

  3. turachee

    lawda khar asty adam sahee post mekona asssighnment ma rahee konam gooooooor mekonee