What is the Maclaurin Summation Formula?
The Euler–Maclaurin summation formula, discovered independently by Leonhard Euler (in 1732) and Colin Maclaurin (in 1742), relates the summation of a function to an integral approximation. It gives a way to calculate “corrections” in terms of the function’s derivatives, evaluated at the endpoints. It’s most general form is :
- a & b are arbitrary real numbers; a – b is a positive integer,
- Bn is a Bernoulli polynomial,
- bn is a Bernoulli number,
- k = a positive integer.
In addition, the function f must have a continuous k
If the function and all of its derivatives approach zero as x→∞, the Euler–Maclaurin summation Formula simplifies (by letting b→∞ in the identity) to:
It can also be expressed in a more “modern” asymmetrical form as :
With a remainder, at any stage, of
The Euler-Maclaurin summation formula has many uses in mathematics and science, including quantum topology, where the formula is sometimes needed for a resurgent function with singularities in the vertical strip perpendicular to the range of summation . It is also one way to generate an asymptotic series.
Bernoulli numbers are rational numbers defined as coefficients in the series expansion
These coefficients are very challenging to calculate by hand; software is normally used to find them .
Bernoulli numbers Bk are defined as values of the Bernoulli polynomials Bk(t) at t = 0: Bk = Bk(0). Bernoulli polynomials satisfy the differential equation 
B′k+1(t) = (k + 1)Bk(t), with B2k+1(0) = 0, B2k+1(1) = 0, for all k > 0.
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Mills, S. (1985). The Independent Derivations by Leonhard Euler and Colin MacLaurin of the Euler-MacLaurin Summation Formula. Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Vol. 33, No. 1/3 (1985), pp. 1-13 (13 pages). Springer.
 Costin, O. & Garoufaldis, S. Resurgence of the E-M Summation Formula. Retrieved August 14, 2021 from: https://people.math.osu.edu/costin.9/EULMCL.pdf
 Rozman, M. (2016). Euler-Maclaurin summation formula. Retrieved August 14, 2021 from: https://www.phys.uconn.edu/~rozman/Courses/P2400_16S/downloads/euler-maclaurin-summation.pdf
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Stephanie Glen. "Euler–Maclaurin Summation Formula: Definition" From StatisticsHowTo.com: Elementary Statistics for the rest of us! https://www.statisticshowto.com/euler-maclaurin-summation-formula-definition/
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