A one to one function, where distinctness is preserved and every input is matched with a unique output, is called an injection. So a many to one function is not injective.
Examples of a Many to One Function
Periodic functions, which repeat at well-defined intervals, are always many-to-one. The trigonometric functions are examples of this; for example, take the function f(x) = sin x. You can prove it is many to one by noting that sin x = sin (2 π + x) = sin (4 π + x), etc., or by noting that when you graph the function, you can draw a straight horizontal line that intersects it many times.
In fact, any graphed mapping which a horizontal straight line intersects more than once is a many to one mapping. Since a function always satisfies the vertical line test (no vertical line can intersect more than once), a many to one function is one which any vertical line intersects no more than once but some horizontal line intersects more than once.
Pilkington, Annette. Math 1056 Lecture Notes: Lecture 1. University of Notre Dame Math Department. Retrieved from https://www3.nd.edu/~apilking/Math10560/Lectures/1.%20Inverse%20Functions.pdf. on June 16, 2019
Smith, Ken. Introduction to Functions. Precalculus Lecture Notes. Sam Houston State University Math Department. Retrieved from https://www.shsu.edu/~kws006/Precalculus/1.1_Function_Definition_files/S%26Z%201.3-1.5.pdf on June 16, 2019
Stephanie Glen. "Many to One Function" From StatisticsHowTo.com: Elementary Statistics for the rest of us! https://www.statisticshowto.com/many-to-one-function/
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