Other Bow-Shaped Curves
The curve defined above is sometimes called the quartic bow curve, presumably to distinguish it from other, similar curves shaped like bows.
Some authors use the name “bow curve” without clarifying which type of bow-shape they are referring to, which can get confusing. For example, Guo  mentions a shape constructed with a “bow curve” on page 174. However, the image the paragraph refers to (figure 3.3. on page 175) is clearly a longbow curve, parameterized by the equations 
x(θ) = a (sin2θ + 1) cost(θ); y(θ) = a (sin2θ + 1).
Make sure you know which type of “bow” curve you’re being asked to analyze or draw.
Tangent Lines of the Bow Curve
The bow curve has three tangent lines (i.e., a triple point) at the origin. A triple point is a point on a curve where three branches of the curve intersect; in other words, it’s a point traced three times when the curve is traversed.
The curve can fit inside a third order spectrahedron—a shape that can be represented as a linear matrix inequality. In two dimensions, the spectrahedron looks like a trapezoid:
This curve has limited, if an, practical uses. Its main use is purely academic, appearing in some texts as either to study interesting curve behavior or triple points.
Graphs created with Desmos.
 Ingalls, C. Bow Curve. Retrieved January 1, 2022 from: https://people.math.carleton.ca/~cingalls/studentProjects/Katie’s%20Site/html/Bow%20Curve.html
 Guo, F. et al. Semidefinite Representation of Non-Compact Convex Sets.
 M243: Calculus II (Sp 2019).
Stephanie Glen. "Bow Curve" From StatisticsHowTo.com: Elementary Statistics for the rest of us! https://www.statisticshowto.com/bow-curve/
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