The mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) is a statistical measure of how accurate a forecast system is. It measures this accuracy as a percentage, and can be calculated as the average absolute percent error for each time period minus actual values divided by actual values. Where A_{t} is the actual value and F_{t} is the forecast value, this is given by:

The mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) is the most common measure used to forecast error, and works best if there are no extremes to the data (and no zeros).

## References

Beyer, W. H. CRC Standard Mathematical Tables, 31st ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 536 and 571, 2002.

Agresti A. (1990) Categorical Data Analysis. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Dodge, Y. (2008). The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics. Springer.

Everitt, B. S.; Skrondal, A. (2010), The Cambridge Dictionary of Statistics, Cambridge University Press.

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