# Local Derivative: Definition & Formula

The local derivative (also called the local time derivative or temporal derivative) tells us how a quantity changes in time at a fixed point in space . It is a partial derivative with respect to time.

The notation for the local derivative is If the local derivative is equal to zero, that tells us the field is in a steady state .
Using vector notation, Describing change in θ at a fixed point (for example, a change in temperature at a fixed point in time): Where:

The first application of the local derivative was made by Newton for general physics; the idea has been extended to many fields as diverse as image processing, structural optimization, and weather forecasting. However, it does have some limitations especially when applied to complex physical systems. These are best tackled with more advanced methods like fractional calculus or the beta derivative  (for example, see Riaz et. al).

## Local Derivative vs. Convective Derivative

The convective derivative, also called a Lagrangian derivative and commonly used in classical and fluid mechanics, is a derivative taken with respect to a coordinate system (e.g., Cartesian, polar, …) moving with velocity u . In steady flows, the local derivative is zero and only the convective derivative makes a contribution .

## References

 Kiskis, J. Flow, etc. Retrieved March 4, 2022 from: http://kiskis.physics.ucdavis.edu/landau/phy9hb_old/flow.pdf
 Total Derivative. Retrieved March 4, 2022 from: http://people.atmos.ucla.edu/fovell/AOSC110_Spring2013/divergence_vorticity_notes.pdf
 Atangana, A. (2015). Derivative with a New Parameter. Theory, Methods and Applications. Elsevier Science.
 Convective Derivative. Retrieved March 4, 2022 from: https://www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Convective_derivative.html#:~:text=The%20convective%20derivative%20(also%20commonly,fluid%20mechanics%20and%20classical%20mechanics.
 Fluids – Lecture 10 Notes. Retrieved March 4, 2022 from: https://web.mit.edu/16.unified/www/FALL/fluids/Lectures/f10.pdf

CITE THIS AS:
Stephanie Glen. "Local Derivative: Definition & Formula" From StatisticsHowTo.com: Elementary Statistics for the rest of us! https://www.statisticshowto.com/local-derivative-definition-formula/